"The Experience of Reorganizing Moscow's Industrial Zones".
The reorganization of industrial zones and the influence of redevelopment projects on the city's image was the topic of the program "Big Construction" on "Moscow Talk radio station," in which Yulia Zubarik, the founder of the urban planning bureau Master's plan, took part.
The withdrawal of production from the city center and the development of these areas is a task set by the city government. The implementation of this program solves many urgent urban problems and has clear parameters.
"When working with industrial zones investors and urban planners are put in a fairly rigid framework, said Yulia Zubarik. - Several urgent tasks of the city are to be solved: preserving and sometimes even increasing the number of jobs, building social and road infrastructure, minimizing the harmful influence of industrial zones on the neighbouring residential buildings and improving the quality of life of the surrounding people.
Withdrawal of industrial zones does not mean that Muscovites will have nowhere to work. "Investors who take up the development of industrial zones are obliged to keep, and even better to increase the number of jobs," said Yulia Zubarik. In addition, not all of the reorganized industrial zones are intended for residential construction. The Department of Industrial Policy also foresees the development of industrial parks on some territories, where non-harmful, technologically advanced productions are developed.
During the program the question about the increase of building density and infrastructure construction was brought up. Yulia Zubarik told that today the construction of the infrastructure is not perceived as a burden, but often is a driver of the territory development. "Investors build kindergartens and schools at their own expense and transfer them to the balance of the city. These kindergartens and schools are used not only by the residents of the project, but also by the residents of the surrounding development. In fact, this is a social contract. The required number of places is built according to city standards and is clearly regulated. Kindergartens are 54 places per 1000 inhabitants, school is 124 places per 1000 inhabitants", - said Julia Zubarik.
The investor together with a city builds a new road network - the city brings or reconstructs roads, suitable to the reorganized territory, the investor at his own expense builds a road network inside the territory.
There was also an answer to the question: isn't it harmful to live in the former industrial zone? "The issue of environmental safety is considered even at the stage of urban planning. The level of soil contamination is determined. There are special design institutes that analyze the level of pollution of soil, air, noise level, which affects the development. Soil is removed. During partial reorganization of the industrial zone, there may still be harmful enterprises around, which impose a sanitary protection zone on the territory to be reorganized. And we also at the stage of the development of the planning project develop measures that will remove noise, smell - the main negative factors that affect the residential development. And this is also done at the expense of the investor, "- said the architect.
There was also an answer to the question: whether it is beneficial to the investor. "The investor is also interested in the fact that the area can be developed as a complex, to come up with many interesting chips in order to make the project attractive. I like most of all to deal with the development of public spaces, which appear during the reconstruction of industrial areas. These are the places where people gather and celebrate holidays," says Yuliya Zubarik. - For example, one of our projects has a public garden with a small café - seemingly a trifle, but pleasant. Yards without cars where children can safely walk are obligatory. There will be co-working spaces on the first floors, where the residents will be able to buy a cup of coffee, have a meeting, etc. All this should support the new trend of "living, studying, working in one place," so that residents do not want to leave the neighborhood.