5D FOR CATS
The city is a living organism that requires constant "fine-tuning" related to the modern logic of development. And this complex restructuring must be very fast - urban planning solutions that do not meet the requirements of the time, can lead to the most severe consequences for the areas - people simply do not want to live and work there, and this means that real estate values will fall, areas will deteriorate, gradually turning into marginal. To prevent this from happening, you need to listen to the needs of the citizens, whose way of life has recently changed significantly. It is necessary to take into account many factors in the rhythm of life in cities.
Julia Zubarik, head of the urban planning bureau Master's Plan:
The logic of development of modern post-industrial cities is very different from the paradigm of industrial cities, where residential areas were built away from heavy and dirty industrial plants, and for walks and entertainment we had to go to large recreational areas. Today, everything has changed, urban neighborhoods are being formed as mini-cities, where it is convenient to live, work, relax, and play sports close to home, without wasting time on the road.
There is a universal line of approaches for the successful design and further implementation of the Integrated Territory Development (ITD). These principles in our company are called the 5D. For the territory to develop and be successful, these 5Ds - Houses, Roads, Children, Leisure and Business life must necessarily be present in the project.
The first, most visually important for the city, are the houses. They must be livable. This includes not only the layout of the apartments, which should be ergonomic and modern. In the design of the houses it is important to provide for the infrastructure that is located on the first floors - the residents should have everything within walking distance - stores, public services, other services. Particular emphasis is placed on the yard space, which ideally should be green, closed, and designed according to the principle of "a yard without cars". And, of course, there should be comfortable recreation areas for children and adults - playgrounds for children of different ages, recreational corners for adults.
The second thing that must be taken into account in the design of the CATs - the roads. In complex projects the transport and engineering infrastructure should be developed. And not only the street and road network within the territory of the development is provided. The roads connect the already formed quarters with those that are designed. This may be new roads, or expanded existing ones. In any case, expanding or building a new road infrastructure, it is necessary to take into account the increasing number of people who will live and work in this area, their personal motor vehicles, the increasing number of public transport.
The third focus is children. The volume and location of infrastructure on the territory of KOT - educational, sports, leisure - should be designed so that children could walk to school, and after school to attend various sections, so that it was convenient for parents to take their children to kindergarten close to home, rather than take them by car. Children should not have to travel to, for example, a music school or a swimming pool in neighboring neighborhoods, wasting time on the road, and parents should not have to "cab" all the time, accompanying children to classes and losing several hours of their lives waiting every day.
Fourth D. - Leisure time. Also a very important factor. In the new quarter must be designed centers of attraction. It could be a promenade, a boulevard, a town square - something where people can come and socialize, have a coffee, talk to friends and surf the Internet. A leisure center with rooms for dancing, fashionable hobbies, a gallery, etc. wouldn't hurt either.
The fifth D is business life. Today, the city strives to develop according to polycentric principles. Residents should be able to work close to home and not have to spend time in the morning and evening commuting to and from the city center where jobs are concentrated. This opportunity is provided by workplaces designed within walking distance of housing. This approach is a big plus for the city - the daily commuting is reduced, the load on the street and road network and public transport is reduced, the ecology improves, and people are less tired.
The concept of 5D is also important for the commercial component of the project. Today's housing market is extremely competitive: the buyers have a lot to choose from, and only a proper combination of these five principles can make the project of the territory development successful, comfortable and interesting for the city and the buyer, and thus for the developer.